Saturday, October 31, 2009

What Chlorinated Isocyanates?

Chlorinated isocyanurates are dry sanitizers for residential pools and spas, effectively eliminating germs and algae. Their disinfection properties make them an important component of dishwashing detergents and industrial water treatment products. This chlorine containing chemical can also be used as laundry bleach (like sodium hypochlorite).

Friday, October 30, 2009

What is sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate?




An anionic surfactant that is widely use in washing powder and other detergents, and also can be used in other industrial areas as dispersant and emulsifying agent

Image:  mofcom.gov.cn

Chemical formulation using sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate




Thursday, October 29, 2009

What is STPP?

Sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP, sometimes STP or sodium triphosphate), with formula Na5P3O10, is a polyphosphate of sodium. It is the sodium salt of triphosphoric acid.




It is used in various applications such as a preservative for seafood, meats, poultry and pet foods. It is also used in toothpaste and as a builder in soaps and detergents, improving their cleansing ability. The United States Food and Drug Administration lists STPP as "generally recognized as safe", along with salt, vinegar, and baking powder. Unfortunately for consumers, an excessive amount of STPP in food can cause an increase in price, for products sold by weight contain more water than products without STPP.

STPP is a solid inorganic compound used in a large variety of household cleaning products, mainly as a builder, but also in human foodstuffs, animal feeds, industrial cleaning processes and ceramics manufacture. STPP is widely used in regular and compact laundry detergents and automatic dishwashing detergents (in powder, liquid, gel and/or tablet form), toilet cleaners, surface cleaners, and coffee urn cleaners. It also provides a number of chemical functions including: sequestration of "water hardness", enabling surfactants to function effectively; pH buffering; dirt emulsification and prevention of deposition; hydrolysis of grease; and dissolving-dispersing dirt particles.

More information at Wikipedia.

Image:   tradeindia.com


Chemical formulations with Sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP):

  1. Automatic Dishwashing Gel With Chlorine Bleach
  2. Heavy Duty Liquid Laundry Detergent
  3. Laundry Detergent
  4. Car Shampoo
  5. Heavy Duty Commercial Laundry Detergent
  6. Aircraft Cleaner
  7. CIP Cleaner
  8. Car Wash Compound Powder
  9. Concrete Cleaner
  10. Bottle Washing Concentrate
  11. Baking Pan Cleaner
  12. Destainer
  13. Steam Cleaner Powder




Wednesday, October 28, 2009

What is Trisodium Phosphate?

Trisodium phosphate (TSP) is a cleaning agent, stain remover and degreaser. It can also be called trisodium orthophosphate and has the chemical formula Na3PO4. It is a highly water-soluble ionic salt. Solutions of it dissolved in water have an alkaline pH.



TSP is commonly used after cleaning with mineral spirits in order to then clean up all the mineral spirits. TSP may be used with household chlorine bleach in the same solution, and this is particularly good for removing mildew from wood. The TSP alone can cause dark stains on redwood, and bleach prevents it.

Chemical Formulations with Trisodium Phosphate:
More information at Wikipedia
Image:  wikimedia.org


Tuesday, October 27, 2009

What is Phosphonic Acid?

In inorganic chemistry, phosphonic acid is a phosphorus oxoacid with a formula of H3PO3, more commonly known as phosphorous acid. It exists in solution as two tautomers, the major one being HP(O)(OH)2 and the minor one P(OH)3. The former is sometimes termed phosphonic acid, with the latter designated as phosphorous acid. Sometimes confusingly, both these names are also used to refer to H3PO3 in general, i.e. both tautomers.




In organic chemistry, a phosphonic acid is a compound with the general formula RP(O)(OH)2.
An example of an organic phosphonic acid is Foscarnet.

Source: Wikepedia
Image:   bridgat.com

Chemical Formulations with Phosphonic Acid


Monday, October 26, 2009

What is Sodium Gluconate?

Sodium gluconate is the sodium salt of gluconic acid, produced by fermentation of glucose. It is a white to tan, granular to fine, crystalline powder, very soluble in water. Non corrosive, non toxic and readily biodegradable (98% after 2 days), sodium gluconate is more and more appreciated as chelating agent. Sodium gluconate is use in food, pharmaceuticals, personal care (dental and skin care, and toiletry), cleaners / detergents (dishwashing, household), and industrial applications.



Source: Junbunzlauer
Image:  sunrise-chem.com

Chemical formulations with Sodium Gluconate

What is Monoethanolamine?

Monoethanolamine (MEA), is an organic chemical compound that is both a primary amine and a primary alcohol . Like other amines, monoethanolamine acts as a weak base. Ethanolamine is a toxic, flammable, corrosive, colorless, viscous liquid with an odor similar to that of ammonia.


Monoethanolamine is a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of cosmetics, surface-active agents, emulsifiers, pharmaceuticals, and plasticizing agents; a gas-scrubbing agent for the absorption and removal of H2S and CO2 from refinery and natural gas streams; carbon dioxide and ammonia manufacturing.

Synonyms:
  • CAS No. 141-43-5
  • Monoethanolamine
  • MEA
  • Aminoethanol
  • 2-Aminoethanol
  • 1-Amino-2-hydroxyethane
  • Ethanolamine
  • Ethanol, 2-amino-
  • Glycinol
  • 2-Hydroxyethanamine
  • Olamine
Chemical Formulation with Monoethanolamine:

Sunday, October 25, 2009

What is EDTA?

EDTA is a widely-used abbreviation for the chemical compound ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid.



Synonyms

EDTA is also known as H4EDTA, diaminoethanetetraacetic acid, edetic acid, edetate, ethylenedinitrilotetraacetic  acid, celon A, gluma cleanser, versene acid, nervanaid B acid, nullapon B acid,ethylene diamine tetracetic acid, tetrine acid, trilon BS, vinkeil 100, warkeelate acid, N,N'-1,2-ethanediylbis(N-(carboxymethyl)glycine)edetic acid, YD-30.


Versene 220 : EDTA


Uses
  • Detergents: complexation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ (reduction of water hardness).
  • Textile industry: complexation of heavy metals, bleach stabilizer.
  • Food: added as preservative to prevent catalytic oxidation by metal ions or stabilizer and for iron fortification.
  • Approved by the FDA as a preservative in packaged foods, vitamins, and baby food.
  • Personal care: added to cosmetics to improve product stability.
  • Oil production: added into the borehole to inhibit mineral precipitation.
  • Dairy and beverage industry: cleaning milk stains from bottles.
  • Recycling: recovery of lead from used lead acid batteries.
More information at Wikipedia
Image:  Alibaba.com



This ingredient is use in formulating:



Chemical Formulations with EDTA

Friday, October 23, 2009

What is nonylphenol ethoxylates?


Nonylphenol ethoxylate (NP) belongs to a group of man-made non-ionic surfactant, primarily used in the production of cleaning products such as detergents, and in lesser quantities in many other applications, such as pesticides.

Nonyl Phenol image

General Description:

Nonionic surfactants are surface active agents which do not dissociate into ions in aqueous solutions, unlike anionic surfactants which have a negative charge and cationic surfactants which have a positive charge in aqueous solution. Nonionic surfactants are more widely used as detergents than ionic surfactants because anionic surfactants are insoluble in many hard water and cationic surfactants are considered to be poor cleaners. In addition to detergency, nonionic surfactants show excellent solvency, low foam properties and chemical stability. It is thought that nonionic surfactants are mild on the skin even at high loadings and long-term exposure. The hydrophilic group of nonionic surfactants is a polymerized alkene oxide (water soluble polyether with 10 to 100 units length typically). They are prepared by polymerization of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, and butylene oxide in the same molecule. Depending on the ratio and order of oxide addition, together with the number of carbon atoms which vary the chemical and physical properties, nonionic surfactant is used as a wetting agent, a detergent, or an emulsifier. 

HLB (Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Balance) values for proper applications.

<10 : Lipid soluble (or water-insoluble)
>10 : Water Soluble
4-8 : Antifoaming
7-11 : Water-in-oil emulsion
12-16 : Oil-in-water emulsion
11-14 : Good Wetting
12-15 : Good detergency
16-20 : Stabilizing

Nonionic surfactants include alcohol ethoxylates, alkylphenol ethoxylates, phenol ethoxylates, amide ethoxylates, glyceride ethoxylates (soya bean oil and caster oil ethoxylates), fatty acid ethoxylates, and fatty amine ethoxylates. Another commercially significant nonionic surfactants are the alkyl glycosides in which the hydrophilic groups are sugars (polysaccharides).

Alcohol ethoxylates, clear to yellowish liquid to waxy solids depending on alkyl chain length and the number of ethoxy groups, are non ionic surfactants which contain both hydrophobic tail portion (alcohol part) and hydrophilic polar head groups (ethoxy chain part), and are thus tend to dissolve in both aqueous and oil phase and to reduce the surface tension of liquids. Ethylene oxide (also called epoxyethane and oxirane) is the simplest cyclic ether or epoxide, with the formula C2H4O; reactive material which is added to the base of alcohols (or amines) to form ethoxylated surfactants. The Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Balance (HLB) of EO surfactant is related to the hydrophilic portion of the molecule. More hydrophilic groups enable more solubility in water as more hydrogen bondings exist. They are non-ionic in solution which has no electrical charge, which means well-work in hard water at low temperatures as well as stability in acid and alkali solution and compatibility with other surfactants.

Generally, surfactant's name are formed by adding the mole number of ethylene oxide. There is a wide HLB range depend their molar ratios between nonylphenol and E.O. The common mole ratio forms for detergency are NPE 9 - 12, where the number indicates ethoxylate chain length. The lower number mole ratio products are used as wetting agent whereas the higher moles ratio products are emulsifiers and solubilizer. Nonylphenol ethoxylates features excelent emulsifying and high detergency properties. 

Applications:
Detergents and Industrial Cleaners, Dispersants, Stabilizers, Sanitizers, Defoaming Agents. Agrochemical Emulsifiers, Metal Working, Textile Processing, Paper De-inking, Drilling Products Intermediate Anionic Surfactants Synthesis, Dust Control, Adhesive, Plastic Industry, Lube Oil, Cosmetic and Pharmaceuticals.

Scientific name:
Nonylphenol ethoxylates; C15H24-n(C2H5O)n (where n = number of ethylene oxide residues per mole of nonylphenol)

Other names:
NPE; Nonoxynol; nonylphenol polyethylene glycol ether; nonylphenoxypoly(ethylenoxy)ethanol; nonyl phenol (NP); POE (n) Nonyl Phenyl Ether; Ethoxylated nonylphenol; Polyoxyethylene Nonylphenyl Ether; nonionic; macrogol nonylphenyl ether; Polyethylene Mono(nonylphenyl)ether Glycols;Antarox; Makon; and many others.

CAS Number:
9016-45-9

Formulations with Nonylphenol Ethoxylates (NP)


Floor Cleaner
Liquid Laundry Detergent (Clear & non-builder)
Hand Diswashing Detergent
Waterless hand Cleaner
Spray and Wash Spotter (Trigger)
General Purpose Cleaner

Source: chemicalland21.com; image by Alibaba

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

What is Sodium Tripolyphosphate?


Sodium tripolyphosphate is a polyphosphate of sodium. It is the sodium salt of triphosphoric acid. Alspo known as STPP, sometimes STP or sodium triphosphate or TPP with formula Na5P3O10,
STPP image

STPP is a solid inorganic compound used in a large variety of household cleaning products, mainly as a builder, but also in human foodstuffs, animal feeds, industrial cleaning processes and ceramics manufacture. STPP is widely used in regular and compact laundry detergents and automatic dishwashing detergents (in powder, liquid, gel and/or tablet form), toilet cleaners, surface cleaners, and coffee urn cleaners [3]. It also provides a number of chemical functions including: sequestration of "water hardness", enabling surfactants to function effectively; pH buffering; dirt emulsification and prevention of deposition; hydrolysis of grease; and dissolving-dispersing dirt particles.

Applications:


Tuesday, October 20, 2009

What is Antara 430?

Antara 430 (N-vinyl pyrrolidone and Styrene Coploymer)
(Antara 430 is marketed as Plectron in the U.S.)

Low viscosity, white, thermoplastic latex (40% solids). Opacifier, excellent mechanical, freeze-thaw and chemical stability, forms transparent, thermoplastic films which adhere to glass, plastic and metals, and which are oil and grease resistant. Broad compatibility with other latices. Acid and salt tolerant.

Uses:
Liquid dishwashing detergents.
Hard surface cleaners.
Heavy duty cleaners.
Laundry detergent liquids.
Waxes and polishes.
Synthetic starches.

Pinoychem Formulations with Antara 430

Source: www.biogenesis.com