Friday, November 28, 2008

What is Integra 44?

Integra 44 is an industrial liquid biocide that is use on household, industrial, and institutional chemicals, coatings, adhesives, and other applications.

It has the following highlights:
  • Aqueous solution of Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate.
  • Derived from Glycine - a naturally occurring amino acid.
  • Broad spectrum antimicrobial activity.
  • Effective against bacteria and fungi.
  • Active from pH 3.5 to pH 12.
  • Easy to use and safe to handle.
  • Excellent for water based applications such as adhesives, coatings, liquid detergents and dishwashing liquids, cleaning products, inks, emulsions and lubricants.

Related Posts:

Formulations with Integra 44

Sunday, November 16, 2008

What is Sodium Metasilicate?


CAS Registry Number: 010213-79-3

Synonyms: Sodium Metasilicate (2); Silicic acid, Disodium Salt, pentahydrate; Sodium-m-Silicate; Orthosil; Disodium metasilicate; Disodium Monosilicate; Waterglass; Disodium trioxosilicate


Mainly used in making high efficiency detergent and metal cleaner. Instead of STPP, it can raise cleaning efficiency and reduce environment pollution, provides excellent alkaline buffer, corrosion prevention for metal (i.e. Zinc, Aluminum), and function of softening water. Mainly used as aids of washes detergent improver and metal cleaner.

You can buy  sodium metasilicate from:

Metso Beads 2048 Sodium Metasilicate - PQ Corporation

Metso Pentabead 20: Sodium Metasilicate Pentahydrate - PQ Corporation

Suppliers: If you are a supplier of this chemical, leave your website url in the 'comment space' so I can put a link to it.

This ingredients is use in formulating:
  1. Spray Metal Cleaner
  2. Automatic Liquid Dishwash Detergent
  3. Laundry Detergent
  4. Alkaline Metal Cleaner
  5. Food Industry Cleaner - Liquid
  6. Degreaser Concentrate
  7. Alkaline Cleaner
  8. Food Industry Cleaner Powder
  9. De-oiling Liquid Concentrate
  10. Fuel Oil Tank Cleaner
  11. Carbon Steel Cleaner
  12. Carpet Cleaner - Powder
  13. Aircraft Cleaner
  14. CIP Cleaner
  15. Concrete Cleaner
  16. Car Wash Compound Powder
  17. Fuel Oil Tank Cleaner
  18. Milk Can Cleaner
  19. Egg Cleaner
  20. Carpet Cleaner - Liquid
  21. Baking Pan Cleaner
  22. Destainer
  23. Engine Cleaner
  24. Steam Cleaner Powder
  25. CIP Cleaner 2
  26. Degreaser
  27. Oxygen Based Laundry Bleach
  28. Heavy Duty Commercial Laundry Detergent
  29. Steam Cleaner Powder (Phosphate Free)
  30. Touchless Vehicle Wash
  31. Traffic Film Remover
  32. Dairy Piping Cleaner
  33. Vinyl Sliding Cleaner
  34. Green Car Wash Soap 
  35. “Greener” Glass Cleaner 
  36. General Purpose Cleaner

    Friday, November 14, 2008

    What is Sodium hydroxide?

    Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye, caustic soda and as sodium hydrate, is a caustic metallic base. Sodium hydroxide forms a strong alkaline solution when dissolved in a solvent such as water. It is used in many industries, mostly as a strong chemical base in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 1998 was around 45 million tonnes. Sodium hydroxide is the most used base in chemical laboratories.

    Pure sodium hydroxide is a white solid; available in pellets, flakes, granules and as a 50% saturated solution. It is deliquescent and readily absorbs carbon dioxide from the air, so it should be stored in an airtight container. It is very soluble in water with liberation of heat. It also dissolves in ethanol and methanol, though it exhibits lower solubility in these solvents than potassium hydroxide. It is insoluble in ether and other non-polar solvents. A sodium hydroxide solution will leave a yellow stain on fabric and paper.

    Sodium hydroxide uses (Wikipedia):

    General Application

    Sodium hydroxide is the principal strong base used in the chemical industry. In bulk it is most often handled as an aqueous solution, since solutions are cheaper and easier to handle. It is used to drive chemical reactions and also for the neutralization of acidic materials. It can be used also as a neutralizing agent in petroleum refining. It is sometimes used as a cleaner.

    A solution of sodium hydroxide in water was traditionally used as the most common paint stripper on wooden objects. Due to its caustic nature and the fact that it can damage the wood surface raising the grain and staining the color, its use has become less common.

    Other paint stripper formula:
    1. General Purpose Stripper - DCM Free
    2. Methylene Chloride-Free Paint Stripper
    3. General Purpose Stripper
    4. General Purpose Stripper - Dibasic Ester Based
    5. Solvent Based Paint Stripper
    Soap production

    Sodium hydroxide was traditionally used in soap making (cold process soap, saponification). The Arabs began producing soap in this way in the 7th century, and the same basic process is used today.

    For the manufacture of biodiesel, sodium hydroxide is used as a catalyst for the transesterification of methanol and triglycerides. This only works with anhydrous sodium hydroxide, because combined with water the fat would turn into soap, which would be tainted with methanol. It is used more often than potassium hydroxide because it is cheaper and a smaller quantity is needed.

    Domestic uses

    Sodium hydroxide is used in the home as a drain cleaning agent for clearing clogged drains. It is distributed as a dry crystal or as a thick liquid gel. The chemical mechanism employed is the conversion of grease to a form of soap. Soap is water-soluble, and can be dissolved by flushing with water. Sodium hydroxide also decomposes complex molecules such as the protein that composes hair. Such drain cleaners (and their acidic versions) are highly caustic and should be handled with care.
    Sodium hydroxide has been used as a relaxer to straighten hair. However, because of the high incidence and intensity of chemical burns, chemical relaxer manufacturers have now switched to other alkaline chemicals, although sodium hydroxide relaxers are still available, used mostly by professionals.

    Cleansing agent

    Sodium hydroxide is frequently used as a cleaner in breweries, where it is simply called "caustic". It is added to water, heated, and then used to clean the large stainless steel tanks where beer is brewed, fermented, and stored. It can dissolve oils and protein-based deposits. A sodium hydroxide soak solution is used as a powerful degreaser on stainless and glass bakeware. It also the most common ingredient in oven cleaners.

    Lye is created out of a chemical reaction between soda, known as sodium carbonate, and calcium hydroxide, or lime. In raw form, it's made into solid flakes, chips, or grains. Chemical suppliers provide lye to manufacturers to make a wide variety of products, such as fabric, paper, personal soap, laundry detergent, pool-cleaning supplies, metal polishers, and drain de-cloggers. Since households utilize so many poisonous products, they must take care to keep cleaners out of the reach of children and only use them as directed. For instance, carefully follow the directions to clean a sterling silver gravy boat with lye-based polish, because even the fumes can be dangerous. Never use products like drain de-clogger or paint stripper without enough air circulation.

    Related Links: 

    Monday, November 10, 2008

    What is triethanolamine?

    Triethanolamine, often abbreviated as TEA, is an organic chemical compound which is both a tertiary amine and a tri-alcohol. A tri-alcohol is a molecule with three hydroxyl groups. Like other amines, triethanolamine acts as a weak base due to the lone pair of electrons on the nitrogenatom.


    This ingredient is used as a pH balancer in cosmetic preparations in a variety of different products - ranging from skin lotion, eye gels, moisturizers, shampoos, shaving foams etc.

    Another common use of TEA is as a complexing agent for aluminium ions in aqueous solutions. This reaction is often used to mask such ions before performing what is called a complexometric titration with another chelating agent such as EDTA (EthyleneDiamineTetraAcetic acid), which will form stable complexes with most metallic ions.

    Triethanolamine (TEA) is also used as organic additive (0.1 wt. %) in the grinding of cement clinker. It is proved to be very effective to facilitate the grinding process by preventing agglomeration and coating of the powder at the surface of balls and mill wall. [2] To what extent could TEA complex heavy metals and radionuclides encapsulated in cement matrix and so could increase their solubility remains an open question.

    TEA is listed under Schedule 3, part B of the Chemical Weapons Convention as it can be used in the manufacture of nitrogen mustards.


    • Alkanolamine 244
    • Nitrilotriethanol
    • 2,2¢ ,2¢ ¢ -Nitrilotriethanol
    • TEA
    • TEA (amino alcohol)
    • TEOA
    • Triethanolamin
    • Tris(b -hydroxyethyl)amine
    • Tris(2-hydroxyethyl)amin
    Sources:   Wikipedia,

    Related Links:

    Formulations with triethanolamine

    Sunday, November 9, 2008

    What is Pemulen 1622 Polymer?

    Pemulen 1622 polymer is a high molecular weight, crosslinked copolymer of acrylic acid and C10-C30 alkyl acrylate that is designed to form stable oil-in-water emulsions. It has relatively low viscosity compared to other Carbopol polymers.

    Suggested applications

    • Auto care products
    • Hand cleaners and sanitizers
    • Polishes

    Related Links:

    Saturday, November 8, 2008

    What is Carbopol EZ-2 Polymer?

    Carbopol EZ-2 polymer is a patented, self wetting crosslinked polyacrylic acid polymer that is synthesized in a cosolvent ethyl acetate/cyclohexane mixture. It provides greater versatility in formulating because it quickly and easily self wets without any mixing required. Carbopol EZ-2 polymer has short flow characteristics with relatively high viscosity compared to other Carbopol polymers.

    Suggested applications:

    • Auto care products
    • Gelled fuels
    • Hard surface cleaners
    • Industrial sanitizing products
    • Polishes

    Carbopol EZ-2 Polymer in Alcohol Saniting Gel
    Carbopol EZ-2 Polymer imparts vertical cling and increased contact time for this sanitizer formulation. In addition the rheology modifier provides appropriate flow properties for either spray or squeeze bottle packaging. These features increase the performance of the formulation and provide convenience to the consumer.
    Formulations with Carbopol EZ-2 Polymer